Friday, August 28, 2020

My New York Consolidated Card Company (NYCC) Jokers

 My New York Consolidated Card Company (NYCC) Jokers

This is a series of articles looking at my early American jokers historically:
- Dougherty  
NYCC jokers
USPC Jokers including Bicycle, Congress 
 
 ARRCO Playing Cards 
(and others, coming soon)

The NYCC story is that of Lewis Cohen and his family. He was born in NYC in 1800.He developed and patented a four color card printing process which allowed him to grow and prosper while focusing primarily on playing cards. He shared the patent with three relatives who grew firms run by a Cohen, a Levy, and a Hart. Under competitive pressure especially from Dougherty, they reunited in 1871 as the Consolidated Card Company. They were acquired by USPC in 1894 and remained an independent subsidiary until 1930 when they became Consolididated Dougherty.

 The first of the NYCC jokers that I have is NY47a Patent Squeezer #19, c1876 (hoffman P58). Below front and back.




The second NYCC is  the NY49 Squeeezer which celebrated their winning of a Gold Medal at the World Exposition in Paris.

I like thinking about World Expositions as an insight into how hard it was in the 1800s to get information and see the wonders of the world. I love the idea that people would travel and spend a month learning about what existed in the world.  The New York Consolidated Card Company spent considerable effort to be part of the 1878 Paris Exposition (Hochman P58, McKinstry P144). NYCC took the Gold Medal for best playing cards and this joker, first introduced in 1880, commemorates it.  Americana Section

Here are two more World Exposition jokers, also from the Americana section.  Neither are NYCC. The left one is I think the St. Louis World's Fair. It was published by Cuples of St Louis and NY.


 This joker descends from the NY51 Triton #42 c1890. Hoffman P59. But mine has the "Reg U.S. Pat Off" mention which doesn't appear in Hoffman picture. It is in the travel section under vehicles.

The two jokers below from my collection illustrate how one design would remain while the company around changes. The first one on the left is a NYCC60 Bee #92 c1895.  This card would probably have been printed sometime between when it was introduced in 1895 and before the acquisition of NYCC by USPC in 1930 when USPC merged NYCC and Dougherty into a single USPC division called Consolidated-Dougherty, represented by the card on the right. They're in the animal section, flyers subsection, along with many other variations of the BeeBoy joker.


The NYCC 62a Deluxe #142 was a very popular bridge size deck. Hoffman P62. I have two of them, they're in the jester section, clown subsection

Here's another New York Consolidated Card Company Joker, one of my favorites.NY65 Bee French Whist #69. Hoffman P 63. He is the jesters section, subsection performing with cards. I think he's marvelous. 



Girl Bee card.  She's a flapper, happily dancing with her jesters wand.  NY67 Bee Bridge by NYCC. Hoffman p63. This joker is in the joker standing section, ?people/ jesters: standing / dancing ? subsection. Womens Page.


Want more history of Lewis Cohen?  Lewis Cohen initially founded LI Cohen Stationery Store. He printed his first deck of cards in NY in 1832. He developed and patented a four color card printing process which allowed him to grow and prosper while focusing primarily on playing cards. He shared the patent with three relatives who grew firms all of which were consolidated into one much larger firm: the New York Consolidated Card Company. NYCC published from 1871 to 1894 as an independent firm. They were acquired by USPC in 1894 and remained an independent subsidiary until 1930 when they became Consolididated Dougherty.

Other History of Joker Articles

- Dougherty  
NYCC jokers
USPC Jokers including Bicycle, Congress 
 

3 comments:

  1. It's a little hard to find online lists of who the winners were in 1878. I did find this (written about the Americans in Paris in 1878): "...gold medals were given for the following widely diversified products
    of our soil and industries, as represented at the Exposition, viz. : Axes, agricultural machinery, bolts, belting, books, blank-books, biscuit, crucibles, cereals, chocolate, carpets, culinary utensils, cotton, coal, carriages, circular loom, canned meats, fish, and fruits,
    dental material, electric pens, flour, furniture, furs, gold pens, hats, hardware, horseshoe-nails, iron-ware, iron safes, jewelry, locks, lard, leather, lead pencils, lager beer, machine-tools, microscopic
    lenses, machine-guns, minerals, metal-working machinery, organs, oils, ores, phonograph, photographs, paper, playing-cards, rifles..." https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/25100773.pdf

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  2. More info on the 1878 World Exposition in Paris: http://www.arthurchandler.com/new-pageparis-1878-exposition

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  3. Gold medals. Literally, the medals. https://collections.museumsvictoria.com.au/items/274230

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Thanks for your input.